The FDA has issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for an adjuvanted protein subunit COVID-19 vaccine manufactured by Novavax. The vaccine is indicated for use as a two-dose primary series to prevent COVID-19 in adults; it is not authorized for use in children or as a booster dose. Three other COVID-19 vaccines are available in the US for primary immunization of adults; the mRNA vaccines manufactured by Pfizer/BioNTech (Comirnaty) and Moderna (Spikevax) are FDA-licensed for this indication, and the adenovirus-based vaccine manufactured by Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) is available under an EUA for use in adults who are unable or unwilling to receive another COVID-19 vaccine.
The FDA has amended its Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the investigational long-acting monoclonal antibodies tixagevimab and cilgavimab (Evusheld – AstraZeneca) to recommend repeat dosing every 6 months in patients who require ongoing protection against COVID-19. Evusheld is authorized for IM pre-exposure prophylaxis of COVID-19 in persons ≥12 years old who weigh ≥40 kg and have either a history of a severe adverse reaction that prevents their vaccination against COVID-19 or moderate or severe immune compromise
The FDA has amended its Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for Paxlovid (Pfizer), the investigational oral antiviral drug nirmatrelvir copackaged with oral ritonavir, to allow for it to be prescribed by licensed pharmacists in certain situations. Paxlovid is authorized for oral treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19 in high-risk outpatients ≥12 years old who weigh at least 40 kg. NIH guidelines list it as the treatment of choice for COVID-19 in high-risk adult outpatients.
Anticoagulants are the drugs of choice for treatment and prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), collectively referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE). US guidelines for treatment of VTE were updated in 2020 and 2021.
The FDA has approved oteseconazole (Vivjoa – Mycovia), a new oral azole antifungal, to reduce the incidence of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) in females with a history of RVVC. Oteseconazole is the first drug to be approved in the US specifically for treatment of RVVC.
The FDA has approved Vtama (Dermavant), a 1% cream formulation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist tapinarof, for treatment of adults with plaque psoriasis. It is the first AhR agonist to be approved by the FDA.
A once-weekly transdermal formulation of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor donepezil (Adlarity – Corium) has been approved by the FDA for treatment of mild, moderate, and severe Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia. Donepezil is the second acetylcholinesterase inhibitor to become available in a transdermal formulation; transdermal rivastigmine (Exelon Patch), which is applied once daily, has been available for years for the same indication. Donepezil is also available in oral formulations (Aricept, and generics) for treatment of AD dementia.
The oral second-generation antipsychotic drug lumateperone (Caplyta – Intra-Cellular Therapies), which was approved by the FDA in 2020 for treatment of schizophrenia, is now approved for use as monotherapy or as an adjunct to lithium or valproate for treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar I or II disorder in adults.
View the Comparison Table: Some Parenteral Anticoagulants for VTE
View the Comparison Table: Some Oral Anticoagulants for VTE